French sculptor, student of Rodin and famous for his stylized animal works. François Pompon was born in Saulieu, May 9, 1855, with his faux-twin Hector (1855-1907). He became an apprentice in the workshop of his father, Alban Pompon (1823-1907) who was the companion duty carpenter-cabinetmaker. Thanks to a grant of 50 francs obtained by the priest, he left in 1870 to Dijon where he became an apprentice stonemason in a mason. He attended evening school of fine arts in this city, first in architecture and engraving with Célestin Nanteuil and sculpture with François Dameron (1835-1900).
After a short stint in the army in 1875, Pompon arrived in Paris where he became a mason worker in a funeral home near the Montparnasse cemetery . He attended evening classes at the Little school.2 . His teachers are sculptors Aimé Millet (1819-1891) and Pierre Louis Rouillard (1820-1881) , a professor of anatomy, with which he discovered the menagerie of garden plants. Pompon begins at the Salon of painting and sculpture from 1879 , and in 1880 , works as a decorator on the reconstruction site of the City of Paris . In 1882 , he married the seamstress Velain Berthe ( 1894-1932 ) . The couple moved into a housing workshop at 3 rue Campagne-Première in Paris . Sleeping cock , 1923 , plaster, National Museum of Natural History, Paris . In 1890, François Pompon entered the workshop of Auguste Rodin ( 1840-1917 ), where he worked as a practitioner filed marbles, rue de l'Université . He leads the workshop in 1893 , transmitting the accounts , paying marbles and supervising the work . In the hustle and emulation created by young talents, he met Ernest Nivet and Camille Claudel. He practiced his profession for a long time practitioner for other sculptors such as Jean Dampt in 1885 , Antonin Mercie in 1888 and in 1890 Alexander Falguière or René de Saint- Marceaux of 1896-19143 . Pompon was interested in art from the Far East and he was deeply influenced by Japonism in vogue. He also admired Egyptian art exhibited at the Musée du Louvre, such as Apis Bull , Horus or Baboon . His first known animal sculpture represents a Stag Beetle (1874) . His final choice to work only animal was taken in 1905 , while animal - about was in the air time with the release of the findings of primitive and prehistoric civilizations in journals such as The First Volume albums Reiber ( 1877) and artistic Japan ( 1888-1891 ) , the Paris World Fair (1867 , 1878 and 1889) and oriental animal bronzes reported in Paris by Henri Cernuschi 1873 . During the First World War and the disappearance of René de Saint- Marceaux in 1915, Pompon , too old to be mobilized , finds himself without work. His wife Berthe being paralyzed , they can not go in their little house in Cuy -Saint- Fiacre to draw, and animals are slaughtered Garden plants . Pompon must stop his trade as a sculptor , and saw small businesses as an employee of the Samaritan woman in 1916, or worker in workshops. Le Grand Cerf , 1929 , bronze, Arnhem. First great work and success In 1905, he definitely takes advantage of simplifying the shape of his sculptures. It polishes and suppresses details. It sends the Polar Bear at the 1922 Salon d'Automne where his slice by modernism on the aesthetics of realist sculpture inherited from the nineteenth century work. This work earned him a late celebrity . Disappearance and posterity Pompon dies alone , widowed and childless , May 6, 1933 after a prostate operation , clinical Saint John of God, rue Oudinot . He was buried on May 10 Saulieu , which will be installed a museum - François Pompon . Pompon access posthumous recognition of his hometown , who was bruised for not having been asked for memorial Saulieu in 1919 , while living in poverty4 . His studio in the Rue Campagne-Première is reconstituted the National Museum of Natural History , waiting ten years to enter the Louvre. Canon Kir (Mayor of Dijon ) brought the workshop to the palace of the Dukes of Burgundy in Dijon in 1948, despite the protests of his executor and friend René Demeurisse 1936 for the work remains Paris5 . The National Museum of Modern Art put his works at the Museum of Vire in 1972.
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